Traditional Embroideries of Indian States!

I have recently learned Embroideries belonging to the Five States of India called Chikankari, Kashidakari, Phulkari, Kantha and Rabari. Their samples are below.

Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh - Chikankari

The history of Chikan work is not definite and different people have different assumptions and beliefs regarding the same. According to Megasthenes, the Greek traveler, the art of Chikankari started in East Bengal (now Bangla Desh) in 3rd century. He also mentions Chikan, which refers to floral prints on fine muslin clothes. Shadow Work is known as Chikankari Work it is done on Organdy, Muslin and Nowadays on Chiffon and Georgette as well.

I have done Shadow work on an Organdy fabric. The Stitch used is universally known as "Herringbone Stitch".

Shadow Work done by Lucknowi Craftsmen.
Lucknowi Chikankari

Embroidery of Jammu & Kashmir - Kashidakari

The Kashmiri jaal work is quite popular. It takes months to complete thread work on one shawl, stole or bedspread. Artisans stitch decorative motifs of birds, maple leaves, and other decorative designs. The most popular form of thread work is the chain stitch that is done on shawls and clothes.

 I have done Kashidakari on Cotton Fabric by using Chain Stitch.

Kashidakari done on shawl by Kashmiri Craftsmen.

I am wearing a Kaftan made of shawl with kashidakari work on it

This Kaftan was stitched at my boutique "Ambiance Kreators"

Embroidery of West Bengal - Kantha

Kantha embroidery is a popular type of craft created in the Bengal region of India. It has always been popular amongst rural women who keep the tradition of this special craft alive. Kantha Work is done by Using "Running Stitch".

I have done Kantha work on cotton fabric.

Kantha work done on Saree by Craftsmen of Bengal.
Stole with Kantha - Parsi Work

Duppata with Kantha work.

Embroidery of Punjab - Phulkari

The art of phulkari has its origins in the early part of the 19th century when the odhini or head cloth was highlighted with embroidered flowers. It was generally done with silk threads on Kaddar.

 I have done Phulkari on cotton fabric using "Darning Stitch."

Traditional Phulkari Chunni
Bagh Work Done by Women of West Punjab.

Traditional Phulkari preserved at the Art and Crafts Museum

Traditional Phulkari done on khaddar cloth.
Modern Phulkari Chunni - on my Pre-Wedding shoot.
Modern Phulkari

Traditional Phulkari Kurti which I purchased from Surajkund mela - 2013

Traditional Phulkari done on Chiffon Chunni and Cotton Kurti.
Stitches used in Traditional Phulkari.

Embroidery of Gujrat - Rabari/Kutch

Aari Embroidery with silk threads using a hook is a popular craft of Kutch, Gujrat. The motifs found commonly are, dancing peacocks, human figures in dancing postures and other delicate and definitive forms.

I have done Kutch Embroidery on  cotton fabric and multiple stitches have been used which are Blanket, Mirror Work, Herringbone, Dots and SequinsWork.

Kutch Embroidery done by Traditional Craftswomen of Gujrat.
Traditional Kutch Embroidery done by Rabari Community of Gujrat.

" I hope you enjoyed looking at these state embroideries... do give me your feedback!"



  1. Thankyou Deepa! Hope you liked my work.

    1. Thanks surabhi mam about this info. I have done my file

    2. Pless Mam now you upload embordry about zari zardozi whole info.about matrial and all use in this embordry plesss surabhi Mam

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. beautiful collection,i have seen these all but now i know what are they called as well.

  4. the one you have showed here as kutch is not right.that is not kutch work. Kutch work entirely different from what you have shown. Katch work is done in square shape and it is interlaced by another layer thread.

    1. I totally agree with you Arya Devi Ji, this is not exactly kutch work but the one that you talking about is called "Sindi Kadhai" even my teacher couldn't remember that because it is very, this was one most most close to kutch and gujrati kadhai... :)


    2. Hello Arya & Surabhi, you both seem to have some knowledge of kutch work - can u guide me where in kutch can i go and buy the patchworks?

  5. Thanku, this is just what I need for my heritage quiz

  6. Thank you for your blog... is there a way one can see these works being made first hand... say somewhere in Gujurat...ahemdabad !

    1. Hello Carmen,

      Apologies for the late replay. You will to visit kutch handicrafts website to find out about this, there are some organisations that help ladies of kutch, gujarat to make a living of it!!!

      Please check this website:


  7. I found this page when I was looking for information on Maggam embroidery. There is so much many of us don't know about our traditional crafts, and I've added this site to my information base. Will look to learn about more types of embroidery here again. Thank you!

    1. Hello,

      Glad to know that my website was informative, I will try to find out about Maggam embroidery myself and add it to my website!! Thank-you for appreciating my blog!!


  8. Good post.

  9. Really very wonderful post, thanks for giving information, really very nice.
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  11. Hi Surabhi,
    I am looking at finding Kutch work Emb and Rabari work from Kutch/Gujrat....Can u help me?


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