I have recently learned Embroideries belonging to the Five States of India called Chikankari, Kashidakari, Phulkari, Kantha and Rabari. Their samples are below.
Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh - Chikankari
The history of Chikan work is not definite and different people have different assumptions and beliefs regarding the same. According to Megasthenes, the Greek traveler, the art of Chikankari started in East Bengal (now Bangla Desh) in 3rd century. He also mentions Chikan, which refers to floral prints on fine muslin clothes. Shadow Work is known as Chikankari Work it is done on Organdy, Muslin and Nowadays on Chiffon and Georgette as well.
I have done Shadow work on an Organdy fabric. The Stitch used is universally known as "Herringbone Stitch".
|Shadow Work done by Lucknowi Craftsmen.|
Embroidery of Jammu & Kashmir - Kashidakari
The Kashmiri jaal work is quite popular. It takes months to complete thread work on one shawl, stole or bedspread. Artisans stitch decorative motifs of birds, maple leaves, and other decorative designs. The most popular form of thread work is the chain stitch that is done on shawls and clothes.
I have done Kashidakari on Cotton Fabric by using Chain Stitch.
|Kashidakari done on shawl by Kashmiri Craftsmen.|
|I am wearing a Kaftan made of shawl with kashidakari work on it|
|This Kaftan was stitched at my boutique "Ambiance Kreators"|
Embroidery of West Bengal - Kantha
Kantha embroidery is a popular type of craft created in the Bengal region of India. It has always been popular amongst rural women who keep the tradition of this special craft alive. Kantha Work is done by Using "Running Stitch".
I have done Kantha work on cotton fabric.
|Kantha work done on Saree by Craftsmen of Bengal.|
|Stole with Kantha - Parsi Work|
|Duppata with Kantha work.|
Embroidery of Punjab - Phulkari
The art of phulkari has its origins in the early part of the 19th century when the odhini or head cloth was highlighted with embroidered flowers. It was generally done with silk threads on Kaddar.
I have done Phulkari on cotton fabric using "Darning Stitch."
|Traditional Phulkari Chunni|
|Bagh Work Done by Women of West Punjab.|
|Traditional Phulkari preserved at the Art and Crafts Museum|
|Traditional Phulkari done on khaddar cloth.|
|Modern Phulkari Chunni - on my Pre-Wedding shoot.|
|Traditional Phulkari Kurti which I purchased from Surajkund mela - 2013|
|Traditional Phulkari done on Chiffon Chunni and Cotton Kurti.|
|Stitches used in Traditional Phulkari.|
Embroidery of Gujrat - Rabari/Kutch
Aari Embroidery with silk threads using a hook is a popular craft of Kutch, Gujrat. The motifs found commonly are, dancing peacocks, human figures in dancing postures and other delicate and definitive forms.
I have done Kutch Embroidery on cotton fabric and multiple stitches have been used which are Blanket, Mirror Work, Herringbone, Dots and SequinsWork.
|Kutch Embroidery done by Traditional Craftswomen of Gujrat.|
|Traditional Kutch Embroidery done by Rabari Community of Gujrat.|
" I hope you enjoyed looking at these state embroideries... do give me your feedback!"